Holocaust: The 103rd as Liberators

Flags of US Army liberating divisions line the entrance to the Museum's Liberation 1945 exhibition, on display from May 1995–June 1996.


— US Holocaust Memorial Museum

The 103rd Division played an important role in the liberation of the Kaufering Sub Camp.  Given the unit’s actions during the Second World War, the National Holocaust Museum in Washington D.C. has official recognized the 103rd as an official liberator unit.


After landing on the beaches during D-Day, the Cactus division moved across Europe.  In March 1944, the division crossed the Rhineland and moved southward into Bavaria.  For a map of the location and camps, click here.


Here, American soldiers discovered the Kaufering sub-camp in Landsberg, Barvaria.  Nazis had forced prisoners, many of whom were of Jewish or Jewish descent, to lives in poorly heated and unsanitary sod huts.  Faced with brutal work conditions, malnutrition, disease, and abysmal living conditions, many died at the sub camps prior to liberation.


A memorial at the site as been constructed to honor the men of the 103rd Division who liberated the Kaufering sub-camp.


View of barracks after the liberation of Kaufering, a network of subsidiary camps of the Dachau concentration camp. Landsberg-Kaufering, Germany, April 29, 1945.

— National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Md.


Dale Center for the Study of War & Society • School of Humanities-History• College of Arts & Sciences

The University of Southern Mississippi • 118 College Drive #5047 • Hattiesburg, MS • 39406

webmaster Dr. Kenneth Swope